History of Wimbledon
History of Wimbledon
Welcome to our History of Wimbledon page. This book was originally published in 1865 as “The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Wimbledon.”
This FamLoc Edition is a true re-publication (rather than merely a facsimile that some “publishers” issue). The prose has been faithfully retained, other than changes to a very few typographical errors and where clarity is required. The many footnotes of the original have been either incorporated into the main text or added as endnotes to the relevant chapter. For most of its history Wimbledon lay in the County of Surrey, but, with the expansion of Greater London, it now forms part of the London Borough of Merton. This is an excellent book, 200 pages packed with detailed information, and will be of great interest to the local historian and family historian.
FamLoc provides the facility for adding information to our History of Wimbledon page.
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Chapters, etc in History of Wimbledon:
Chapter I: Early History
Situation of Wimbledon. Variations in the Name. The Earthwork. Traces of British Possession. March of Caesar. Stronghold of Cassivelaunus. Saxon Proprietor. Danish Proprietor. Battle of Wimbledon, A.D. 568. Tumuli. Ridgeway.
Chapter II: The Manor
Archbishop of Canterbury Lord of the Manor. Seized by Odo, Bishop of Bayeux. Domesday Book. Manor of Mortlake or Wimbledon comprised Wimbledon, Putney, Mortlake, East Sheen. Archbishop Reynolds. Archbishop Arundel. Forfeiture of his estates, 1398. Short Sketch of Mortlake. The Manor House. Occasional Residence of the Archbishops. Of the Kings. The Church situated at Wimbledon. Chapel built at Mortlake, 1348. Short Sketch of Putney; of Barnes. Subordination of Barnes to Wimbledon. Lease of Wimbledon Heath to the Prior of Merton, 1365. Dispute with St. Thomas’s Hospital. Manor of Burstow Park included in the Manor of Wimbledon. Its alienation. Archbishop Cranmer exchanges the Manor of Wimbledon with Henry VIII for other lands.
Chapter III: The Manor (continued)
Wimbledon the property of the Crown. Given to Cromwell, Earl of Essex. Sketch of his life. Of Catherine Parr. Grant to Cardinal Pole. Elizabeth gives the Manor House to Sir Christopher Hatton. Lord Burleigh’s residence in Wimbledon. Sir Thomas Cecil, son of Lord Burleigh, purchases the Manor House of Hatton; obtains the Manor from the Queen by exchange afterwards. Sir Edward Cecil, Lord Wimbledon. His life. Lord Herbert’s anecdotes of him. Royal visits to Wimbledon. Queen Elizabeth. James I. Ambassadors from the States. Residence of Charles I and Henrietta Maria at Wimbledon. Manor seized by Parliamentary Commissioners. Adam Baynes. General Lambert. His life. The Restoration. George Digby, Earl of Bristol. Remarks of him (by Pepys) whilst at Wimbledon. John Evelyn’s visit to Wimbledon. Thomas Osborne, Duke of Leeds. His life. His family. Sir Theodore Janssen. His failure. Duchess of Marlborough. Spencer family. General Remarks on the Manor.
Chapter IV: The Manor House
First recorded Manor House. Mansion built by Sir Thomas Cecil. Accounts of it by Aubrey, Fuller. Accurate description of it. The House commenced by Sir Theodore Janssen. First House built by the Duchess of Marlborough. Second House. Its destruction by fire. Hannah More’s description of it. Present House. Park, Lake, &c. &c.
Chapter V: The Churches, Etc.
Church of the Middle Ages. Church of 1788. Church of 1843. Old stained glass. Lord Wimbledon’s Chapel. Monuments in Church to Cecil, Betenson, Ellis, Walter, Lewston, Pitt, Wilbraham, Hudson, Murray, Perry, &c. Churchyard. Monuments to Hopkins family, Savage, Lucan, Quin, Ker, Grosvenor, Simpson, Bankes, Rucker, Eden, Wilberforce, Janssen, De Visme, &c. &c. Christ Church. The Holy Trinity Church. Dissenting Places of Worship.
Chapter VI: The Living
Originally a Rectory. Exchange between Henry VIII and the Dean and Chapter of Worcester. Appointment of Perpetual Curates for Wimbledon, Putney, and Mortlake. Archbishop Laud attempts to improve the living. Contemplated change of the Parliamentary Commissioners. The Parsonage house.
Chapter VII: Rectors and Perpetual Curates
Master Philip in the reign of King John. Peter, the queen’s physician. John de Ausone. Sketch of Archbishop Reynolds, Lord Chancellor, Rector of Wimbledon; of John de Sandal, Bishop of Winchester, Lord Chancellor, Rector; of Adam Murimoth, Rector. List of Rectors till the Appropriation to the Dean and Chapter of Worcester. List of Perpetual Curates to the present time.
Chapter VIII: The Parish Registers
Institution of Registers. The Wimbledon Registers. Remarkable entries quoted from the Baptismal, Marriage, and Burial Registers. Names of Families resident in Wimbledon during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.
Chapter IX: Charities and Parochial Institutions
Account of Smith’s Charity, Cecil, Hilliard, Lordell, De Visme, Simons, Gonston, Rose, Bray, Marryat, Johnson, Peache, Barker. The Almshouses. National Schools. Village Club and Lecture Hall. Cottage Improvement Society. Friendly Societies. General Parochial Charities.
Chapter X: Civil Government of the Parish
List of Churchwardens. Overseers. General Government. Proprietors.
Chapter XI: Former Inhabitants and their Houses
Peter de Aqua Blanca, John de Mazon, and other Early Inhabitants. Lord Burleigh. Sir Edward Betenson. Sir William Draper. Lord Grenville. Sir Henry Bankes. Vulture Hopkins. Benjamin Bond Hopkins. Mons. Calonne. Marquis of Stafford. Sir Stephen Lushington. Prince de Condé. Joseph Marryat. Sir William Congreve. Sir Francis Burdett. Earl Bathurst. Sir Henry Murray. William Wilberforce. Bishop Van Mildert. Justice Richardson. John Murray. William Gifford. Lady Anne Barnard. Captain Marryat. John Horne Tooke. Lyde Browne. Lord-Chancellor Lyndhurst. Henry Dundas, Lord Melville. Duke of Cannizaro. William Benson. Arthur Tyton. Marquis of Rockingham. Charles James Fox. Lord-Chancellor Cottenham. Duke of Wellington. Thomas Tooke. Sir Richard Hotham. Justice Park. James Perry. Earl Nelson.
Chapter XII: Physical Features
Botany of Wimbledon. Geology. Artesian Wells. Strata cut through in the formation of Lord Spencer’s Well. River Wandle. Beverley. General Remarks.
Chapter XIII: Miscellaneous
Factories. Old Coaches. Railways. Duelling on the Common. Highway Robberies. Windmill. Enclosure. Boundaries. Volunteers of 1797. Reviews. Rifles (11th Surrey). Rifle Association. Miscellaneous Information. Population. Acreage.
II: Domesday Book
III: Warrant of Charles I to revive the Old English March, on the recommendation of Lord Wimbledon.
IV: Inventory of Furniture and Pictures belonging to Charles I at Wimbledon.
V: Deed of Sale to Adam Baynes.
VI: Testa de Nevill.
The Windmill, Wimbledon Common, 1865
Map of the Parish of Wimbledon, 1865
Plan of the Earthwork
The Manor House, 1678
The Manor House, 1771
Mary’s (the Church built in the 14th century)
Mary’s, Wimbledon (the present Church)